Hello, everyone. And welcome back to CyberRays and user physical security. Course I'm your instructor. Corey holds er and this is lesson 2.3 controls for open spaces part two.
In this lesson, we're gonna focus on three areas. First we're gonna talk about the importance of lighting is a security enhancement.
We're gonna talk about the control of traffic
inside a business campus and will finish up discussing the role that landscaping complaint in physical security
nonetheless, lesson I did touch on that that lighting is important. Important
to what security
It's important because security is a 24 7 thing. It doesn't stop when the last person leaves the building. In fact, it has to be heightened in those dark hours
because that's when there is less people around. There's more chance for someone who is planning to do harm to the business to execute his plan.
Now things that we consider when it comes to lighting illumination levels. Yes, we want the light bright we want We don't want dark places. We wanna have it clear of any obstructions because obstructions creates shadows and places for
for bed people toe hide.
Then we also have to look at things like position of light sources again for the same reason. And we can look a technology like led lighting, which does not pull the light so much as as blends it out. There are less dark spaces between led lightings. If they're planned properly,
then when you have ah, bright streetlight that has a illumination in one spot and then fades out quickly,
almost in the way that
picture depicts. If you look at the area to be lit,
it's it's very bright. The outside areas, and as it gets out farther, it diminishes certain older styles of light. Would Onley have really that area that's being lit? The rest of them would be dark and and that creates places for people to hide and also heightens,
the threat level.
So here's an example. Here's a situation where we have a very bright light, and
for all intents and purposes, because of that bright light,
you don't necessarily see that someone else is there.
But if we
if you allow me, I'm going to actually raise my hand and
covered the bright source of light.
Lo and behold,
we can now see more clearly the person standing on the other side of the gate.
Now this is, Ah,
a very basic representation, but it illustrates the point that bright light, while good
it also creates shadowed space, is our eyes cannot adjust to the darkness as well, or visualize what's in the darker areas because the bright light
washes everything else out.
Um, if you if you rewind the video
briefly, you'll actually see that the person was there the whole time.
But because of that again, that intensity, we couldn't see him.
So now let's consider paths, pathways and Rose and I have talked about this a lot. We talked about obstacles in the first lesson of this module. How we use them to create those snaking paths as people come up to the gate because that prevents them from building up speed or and possibly
running through a
stopping point or harming the people that are there.
The same things could be done inside the buildings. Campus whining pathways and roads are another way to create that kind of obstacle course effect. We can also use things like speed humps and speed bumps to force people to have to slow down for risk of
damaging their vehicle or disabling it, which ultimately is not their goal. Their goal is to have maximum
speed to either strike a person, groups of people or structures.
And then, of course, reduce speeds and speed limits and stop signs will also gain some effective safety knots not as much security, but definitely safety for people, because with people traveling at slower speeds, they can obviously react. They have more time to react, and they can stop if
the possibility or threat of hitting someone
now landscaping and features, or probably something you don't think of when you think of security. But it's actually a very
important part of security.
Um, e I'll start with Let's look at those three pictures we have on the right. You have the first scene. We have overgrowth of
landscaping, the trees, the bushes. They obstruct people's views. As you can see, they also provide places for people to hide, like our our man and left there. It also does thing like obstructing the view of moving traffic, that
again, obstruction of you
creates a threat that someone could be hit by a vehicle. The vehicle also probably can't see the little girl that's standing there
when we have better landscaping, with better lighting and better visibility, we increase our lines of sight. We reduce the chance of of injury or accident or someone being hiding where they're not supposed to be. And we also see how lighting can then actually enhance
visibility as well.
And the last picture I just wanted to touch on, and I know this is a picture of someone's home, but imagine if that kind of landscaping was outside of a building and someone wanted to snoop up. And maybe you go by that window and see what people are doing inside, or maybe break in through that window. That gravel outside the window
is actually a great
security measure. It's not gonna stop them. I'm not saying that, but this sound of crunching gravel outside the window might draw the attention of the person inside the room who can then
be at least more responsive, potentially could call security and say, We have someone outside my window that's not supposed to be there,
and it can also get them.
Give them that chance to possibly
hide whatever they're typing on their computer, whatever. If if it's sensitive information,
other things that we can touch on here to planters, they look very attractive. Large concrete planters also make greats,
road blocks to stop vehicles, things like bollards, which you constantly see there, those those short concrete barriers. They don't necessarily stop pedestrian traffic, but they will stop vehicular traffic. And then you have things like stairs and risers
that can actually, by breaking up the levels of the ground,
makes it harder for someone to try to, uh,
make their way across a large distance in a vehicle or even on foot.
So let's do a quick check on learning
Physical security and open spaces includes all of the following elements except
roads with direct paths,
lighting, landscaping choices and install planters. I'll give you a few seconds to think about it, and then we'll discuss,
and the answer is
roads. Direct pants. Now you may feel like I'm harping on this,
from training, security training that I have received in my career,
partially with government training,
first and foremost how much of a threat of vehicle and someone behind the wheel who doesn't who's not who's willing to give up their own life
what kind of damage they can cause with that vehicle,
whether it's rigged to explode or they're just using it as to barrel through
pedestrians or by standards.
So I'm a harp on this. But understand that, that is, that is a very simple,
easily acquired weapon that someone can use.
In this lesson. We covered three main topics. First, we talked about the importance of lighting as a security enhancement.
We talked about controlling the flow of traffic within a campus on. We also showed how landscaping can play important role in physical security.
I want to thank you for taking your time to join me for this lesson today I looked forward, seem in the next one.
Hello, everyone. And welcome back to Sai Berries and user Physical Security. Course I'm your instructor. Corey holds her, and this is lesson to 0.5 counter surveillance.
In this lesson, we're gonna discuss why individuals would surveil a company.
We'll also discuss why we need to stop those people from surveilling the company and talk about what means were at our disposal to stop surveillance.
So when we normally think of surveillance, we think of spy craft. You can talk about the family that was found guilty of treason because they collected information about Pearl Harbor, about the comings and goings of the ship in that naval station
leading up to the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941. And that's usually what we think of its bought. Basically, surveillance is about gathering information
from a safe distance
and also to ensure the success of some future event. It's really planning for that event,
So why do we want to stop them? Well,
it's obvious we want to protect employees. We want to protect the business, and we want to protect its trade secrets. Let's say, for example,
someone wants to steal the company's big plans for its next
widget. That it's going to develop that's gonna rev allies revolutionized. Excuse me, revolutionize the
They could set up cameras, listening devices, boom mikes like you see in football games
and other technological means, and sick and watch the building. And if that meeting is taking place in a
conference room that has a lot of windows, it's exposed that can be easily observed.
They can collect all the information about that widget months before it ever hits the market. And potentially, if there
business trade secrets, they might sell it to a competitors so that they can get the widget to market sooner.
So what's counter surveillance? Well,
as Merriam Webster defines here, it's the way to stop the process of surveillance by
ultimately an adversary,
whatever, for whatever means, whether he's a disgruntled employee,
that criminal who wants to, to steal and then sell the trade secrets, what have you.
So what is the role of counter surveillance thing? Well, counter smelling something the government does
and businesses can and Canon have learned from this.
it's about denying the adversary his attempts to surveil the company.
This can be done.
maybe by positioning within a building, a sensitive areas of the building might be below ground. Or they might be in the interior of the building, where they can't necessarily be directly observed from from the exterior, requiring someone to have to go inside.
And ultimately it's about protecting trade secrets and knowledge capital.
How do we defeat surveillance? Well, one. Roving security first and foremost, getting our security forces outside of the building in and around the campus. They might spot the person with the camera, Hopefully challenge him. Say, why are you here? You know? What are you doing? Maybe call law enforcement
to say this person is trust passing
and needs to be
taken into custody.
We can do that. Use things like cameras. We talk about talked about this before. Cameras can look in a 360 degree view and they never get tired so they can help other things for counter surveillance, which would actually actively stop. They're surveilling process metal blinds.
not as much with today's technology, but still but still possible. One of the things with older TV screens, particularly when they had they were to TVs or you had the big monitors that were
we're using to technology,
uh, their radio emissions with the right equipment. Someone could basically be outside the window
with the right electromagnetic receiving equipment and actually be able to analyze what was being seen on the screen. They wouldn't actually have to directly see what was on the screen, but the electromagnetic transmissions
could be captured. That's why using things like metal blinds will stop something like that. It acts actually is natural interference,
then building design is a big thing. Not only where you place the those sent more sensitive parts of your business that deal with the more sensitive information putting them inside in the interior of the building or
below the basement, for example.
This is a way to actually
protect and stop surveillance.
So let's do a quick check on learning
all of the following your reasons for employing counter surveillance except
protecting the employees, protecting business, protecting personal property or protecting trade secrets.
And the answer is,
obviously it's about protecting personal property.
I don't know, but I don't know about you. But I've been in many, many,
uh, businesses and business complexes where one of the things that they clearly post in their parking areas, and even as you come inside the door, we're not responsible for anything left in your car or left in one of our security lockers.
that might seem a little counterintuitive, but ultimately, the point is, is that thes thes lockers where they ask you to secure your phone because you can't bring it into the building
is really just for
securing it from you using it as a surveillance tool.
I e recording conversations without people knowing maybe snapping a few pictures inside the building. They don't want you to do that
taking pictures of sensitive information written on a white board, for example.
But ultimately they're not. They're not worried about protecting your personal property. They're more worried about protecting the employees, the business and its trade secrets.
In summary, we discussed why someone would surveil a company. We talked about how why we want to stop them. And then ultimately, we talked about the means that are available to a business as part of its physical security posture to stop surveillance. I'm gonna thank you for taking time for joining me in this lesson.
I look forward to seeing you in the next module.