All right, let's take a look at the Windows operating system and different ways to install it.
So the various steps you need to in general, right
To get a Windows OS installed, you're gonna have to select some boot method
Then you're gonna have to determine your installation type.
Am I trying to upgrade? Am I trying to
make a clean the situation?
This partition configuration? Am I going to use the disk that's already partitioned? Am I gonna re partition the disks
final system him? I'm gonna use fat and T. F s or something else.
And third party device drivers do I have unusual system where I need to actually get 1/3 party driver and run it in during the install.
And then once I've done the install
A to the end of the install on, we're going to set the system variables. Am I going to be in the d'Alene or language? Dry run? What kind of keyboard? What kind of inputs
then do system updates because whatever you're installing from probably doesn't have the most current Microsoft updates.
And then once the system's all stable, configuring, migrate
or my great, the user's headings and resource is. So
let's take a look. Boot operations
the most common boot operation. Most individuals work with his optical media,
either a CD or a DVD, which means you need to see the your DVD player. That CD or DVD player can be internal or external. I work with some systems now that actually don't have DVDs in them any longer.
And one of the options is to accept
Mountain external DVD via a USB drive.
And at that point, if you're putting in DVD
drive in via USB, then you're not booting via USB. You're still booting the DVD.
If you look at the difference for a USB boot, you actually have to create a bootable USB
thumb drive from a DVD or a nice O phile.
there are a number of ways to do this. I enlisted the authorized Windows method
They do have a DVD download tool, and it will make the USB bootable. But there are other people who create similar tools.
You need a bootable dr
and then you are also going to have to
set the boot order in the PC so that the P C will look for wherever you bootable Dr ISS. It wants to discover that drive before it discovers
the main hard drive if it discovers the main hard drive first and something's already installed that it'll run that
previous system and won't install your new system.
If you have the C drive
discovered first, and there's no installation there in many cases, the system was this. Halt there and say no operating system.
So optical and USB are two methods you can use to install individual machines.
If you're looking for amore enterprise method,
the more enterprise method would be to do a pixie
or pre boot execution environment. P X E
and the concept of a pixie boot is at the very
high level. The system
cranks up the target machine. Do you wanna have the OS and stall on it comes up.
It gets an I P address.
It gets an address for a pixie server.
It contacts the pixie server. The pixie server sends the operating system over the
operating system loads up
into virtual memory, real memory or on hard drive.
And then from that load,
the system actually installs itself
steps here again from a
Microsoft authorized way of doing it.
That's not the only method. There are a number of different ways to get pixie images up on different
on a pixie server and loaded to the client.
But this is the Microsoft structured way to do it.
But the goal is in the end. Three. You can Buddhist system without having to bring
USB or a DVD to it. You could just booted little load. It's also really nice for a mass installs if you get If you're a large operation and you get to next 300 workstations in,
you can just have him on a table in a room,
dropped 30 or 40 machines at a time, turn him on
having pixie boots. They all get their operating system and go on to the next 30 or 40 machines and have the whole thing be hands off.
It does take a lot more effort. If you look at the steps on the screen, you're talking about setting up a pixie server.
Mountie images to the pixie server getting a T f T. P route.
Copying files around,
boot script on the host machine,
So if you're doing one or two
easier to do with the USB or DVD, if you're doing one or 2000 and pixies definitely
are we doing the clean install or an upgrade?
If we do a clean install, then
the system's gonna be pristine.
But it also will. If there was information on the drives before and you were trying to transfer it over, it's going to be gone
because it's gonna wipe and reformat the hard drives.
If you're doing an upgrade installation, then it has to be authorized. And there are
list available in this class and on Microsoft that show you what's unauthorized. Upgrade which ones will work. Which ones won't
and only two fellow those lists, and you'll be fine
if you do the upgrade installation than in most cases, you're going to retain
the data files, you're going to retain the settings, and you're also going to retain the applications.
So an upgrade is preferable for a lot of people who want to not have to reinstall everything, and they're working on the same hardware and just upgrading the operating system
manual or unattended installation
screen available, and you have to have a keyboard input.
He was unattended than the screen or the keyboard. Inputs have all been pre scripted,
and you took the time to create the pre scripting
so that you wouldn't have to stand there to watch the machine
again. If you're doing a single installation manuals, probably easier. If you're doing hundreds or thousands, then you can look at the unattended. Has a much smarter way to go
single boot in multi boot installations.
when Windows installs the first thing it does.
modes? E N T. L D R and unloads a boot
The boot file tells what to boot.
If he only has one option, which is how most people see their machine. They don't know that the boot I and I file is going to stop and determine what's the valid operating system.
If you have more than one operating system, you can make the boot file give you a selection window at that point
so you could decide on the same system. I could be running Vista and Windows seven
and when I first boot the system up, it could present me with a menu of saying, Which one do I want to boot
if you do a multi boot installation?
you're going to install the oldest operating system
1st 2nd operating the newest operating system last
because the newest operating system will overwrite
to make sure that the most current boot files there last
and are the ones still on the hard drive.
The other thing to decide is
where you going to store the data?
Because each operating system will have its own
folder or its own partition Ear's own volume
for its operating system
worthy. You have separate data stores or whether you allow both operating systems to talk to the same data store is a matter of the operating system itself. And your preference,
lastly, is a custom image.
Customer was just coming to forms one form of custom images. You may have a manufacturer supplied image
the manufacturers supply The maids like an O am disc,
may already have all of the unique drivers
available on that desk, so that
when you use that desk, you don't have to look for external third party drivers because the third party drivers already put in.
You can also make your own custom image if their particular drivers you want to use, or particular features or files that you wanna automate on the install that you can
include with. The image in that process is called slip streaming
so you can slipstream items in and create a custom image
that means you have less work to do after the install
hard drug management is something you have to be concerned about. You need to know how you're going to set up the drives on your system.
If you have multiple drives, then you could concern yourself with whether you're going to run, raid, redundant, a raving, expensive discs,
and you can run generally speaking, Raid zero raid one rate five.
There are other options, but 01 and five of the most common.
If you're not gonna run raid, then
you either have a single disk or you have multiple disks and you're going to treat them as multiple individual discs.
We're going to determine the partition type that you're going to use. There's a basic partition versus the dynamic disk.
A basic partition is the court unquote traditional way to deal with drives,
and it's easy. It's just drive as an individual dr
and treats each drive
and the activities on that drive as unique just to that Dr.
So if I format to the hard drives, Dr C and Dr Beach would have its own format,
and he should have their own partition.
If you run dynamic discs
dynamic disk, you can make Dr Pools
and below the line between isn't one hard driver. Multiple hard drives,
dynamic discs support raid the support multiple dr.
In most cases, they don't support booting. So even if you want dynamic discs, you most people end up having one disc has the boot disk.
So they didn't I was to boot up,
because if the dynamic drives dynamic discs are set in windows until Windows loads, it doesn't notice how to read the dynamic desks.
So once you got the volume set up, then you have to worry about your partitions,
and we have primary partitions, extended partitions, logical partitions.
Um, for the most part, a drive can have in the Windows world a maximum of four partitions.
Those four partitions can be primary or extended
if you make primary partitions.
Primary partitions can be made bootable
If you make extended partitions, extended partitions can hold low multiple logical drives.
So if I If I have four partitions and they're all primary, then I can have four disks. I can call them C, D E and F,
and they would always exist. Not one physical disc
has four different partitions.
If I use extended partitions,
It has an example. Three primary partitions,
and we'll make those partitions C, D and E.
Then, if I may, the fourth partition extended.
I could make four more logical drives in it
and have F, G, H and I all in the fourth partition.
Why you would do one of those things versus another is depending. A lot on security might be dependent on the number of drives you have, and other particular things that might involve multiple boots might involve
different applications and requirements they would have.
In the vast majority of cases, you're going to have one or two partitions on a single Dr,
and that's what most client operating systems will look like
You're gonna have a minimum of two partitions for
Windows Vista and for Windows seven
file system options.
about hard drives, and the drives aren't stored as one big bucket. What happens is for the computer to be able to go back and retrieve or write the information
onto a disk. It needs an address that the information is being written to. That address is done by a file allocation table
was the default file allocation table all the way back to M s. DOS
still gets used today still has used today for thumb drives can be used for operating systems, although because it was size movement, it is falling out of favor
because of the size limitations. Fat 16
upgraded to a new version of fat called fat 32
Bath 30. To handle larger Dr Sizes.
Both that 16 of fat. 32. Neither of them have any security levels on the
Excuse me, you can't have user base security on files or folders,
and they don't have the redundancy in the file allocation tables
that you can have an anti F s
which is the reason Microsoft went in T F S and N. T. F s is
now the file system of choice
for all of their operating systems.
It's more redundant. It has filed level security years, your level security.
And in most cases, that's what people want is
are There is another file system released for Windows seven.
It's called Extended Fatter Expat.
It's Microsoft proprietary and targeted for flash drives,
and the final one is C. D. F S
and C B. F s is primarily used for optical media CB file system.
There may be some cases where you want something to act like a CD, and you would take a non CD like a flash drive
formatted in C. D. F s. But those are unusual corner cases.
Third party drivers.
Third party drivers are in
a sometimes necessary evil in the Windows world because Windows doesn't know all possible hard words you could be running from,
and therefore it can't make a drive
driver for everything.
If you notice where the picture here is stopped,
the picture here is stopped looking at hard drives,
and this happens in all operating system. There may be a
drive controller card. The Windows doesn't have an appropriate driver, for
If that's true, this is where it will stop. If you were in Windows X, P would fail. At this point, I got to go back and start over again,
and when you started the install over again, they would tell you to press half six
so that it would pause, too,
and give you an option to load the driver in
In Vista and Windows seven. They've replaced the F 16 that whole process of having to do things twice
with a gooey based system that now, if it finds hard drives that you can't talk to because of the missing driver, it brings up this screen
and you have an option to click and add the driver in the same install process.
Ah, third option we talked about for slip streaming. If you're going to do this hundreds of times, then I would take that third party driver and slipstream it into a custom
install disk so that it's already available on the install disk and doesn't have to be manually added
Once the operating system has finished installing and sell, it gives you the screen back, and now you're beginning to set up
the system variables
after the initial install
biggest decision or one of the biggest decisions is Are you running? This is a work group,
whores. They're going to join an enterprise domain.
If you tell him to join the domain, then you're going to need
privilege, a privileged access to the d'Alene, or you can actually
joined that system to the domain.
Normal users can join up to 10 machines to a domain.
It takes an enterprise admin or a Delaine admin to join an unlimited number of machines to the domain.
Other things include region and language
and regions going to help set time zone and daylight saving time issues. Language is obviously going to control.
the display language on the system and the way it's gonna interact with the keyboard Has someone not all languages used the same keyboard type?
Do you need a handicap accessibility? Do you have unique input devices and basically anything else that's needed to allow that user to perform the job they're supposed to perform with
that particular computer?
So after the installation, you've got all the custom drivers in, You've got all the custom. Everything in now is the time to run Windows updates.
Windows update will come in,
should do all the appropriate updates for the operating system and may also provide updates for drivers or some of the other unique features that you added on
in this stunning Windows seven. There's a Windows Update button
in the application screen.
If there's Windows X P, you can run it by doing update down Microsoft dot com.
If you try to do update down Microsoft dot com on Vista or seven will tell you that that's not acceptable and you have to go use the update button
after the updates are done. Then you can finish putting in user settings, applications, profiles, preferences.
You may find additional heart software you want to add.
That's non Windows software or more Windows software.
And probably at the end you go back and one more time we're on the updates until you run updates and get there on answer back. That says no more updates are needed